sprained ankle occurs when your ankle ligaments are overstretched. Ankle sprains vary in their severity, from mild "twisted ankle" or "rolled ankle" sprain through to severe complete ligament ruptures, avulsion fractures or broken bones.
What Causes a Sprained Ankle?
Ankle sprains can occur simply by rolling your ankle on some unstable ground. Common examples of this occur when awkwardly planting your foot when running, landing unbalanced from a jump or stepping onto an irregular surface.
What are the Symptoms of a Sprained Ankle?
A history of your ankle rolling is the key ingredient to suspecting a sprained ankle. At the time of the injury, you may hear a popping or cracking sound and will notice swelling, bruising and ankle pain. Lateral or medial ligament sprains are usually acutely tender over the injured ligament.
Depending on the severity of your ankle sprain, you may have trouble walking or standing on your foot. In these cases, crutches, strapping or a walking boot may be necessary to help you to mobilise throughout the day.
In more severe cases, there may be sharp pain deep in the ankle joint associated with a talar dome fracture or pain between your lower shin bones, which may be a syndesmosis or high ankle sprain.
How is a Sprained Ankle Diagnosed?
Your physiotherapist is highly skilled in the assessment and diagnosis of ankle sprains. Your history and a thorough clinical examination will determine the severity of your sprained ankle.
If required, you may be referred for an X-ray, CT scan or MRI to confirm or exclude specific ligament or bone injuries.
Physiotherapy Treatment Aims
Injury Protection, Pain Relief & Control Inflammation, Regain Full Range of Motion, Strengthen your Ankle and Calf Muscles , Restore Joint Proprioception & Balance Restore Normal Function , Speed & Agility , Sport-Specific Skills Graduated Return to Training , Return to Competition
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