Am 15. Januar 1933 gewann Adolf Hitler die Wahl zum Reichskanzler. Die NSDAP hatte innerhalb von wenigen Jahren von 3% Wahkstärke auf über 39% aufgerüstet. Im Jahr 1929 waren sie mit nur einem Sitz zum ersten Mal in den Reichstag gewählt worden. In den Folgenden 4 Jahren überhöhlten sie die bis dahin größte Partei der SPD und ebneten somit Hitler den Weg zum Diktator. Sein Vorgänger Kurt von Schleicher war zuvor vor allem aus Angst vor den Nationalsozialisten zurückgetreten und spielte ihnen somit direkt in die Karten. Hitler wurde am 30. Januar zum Reichskanzler ernannt und beendete kurze Zeit später die Demokratie in Deutschland. Mit dem Ermächtigungsgesetz verschaffte sich Hitler und der NSDAP absolute Macht über alle entscheidungen und führte das,, Ein-Partei-Gesetz'' ein. Vor allem durch diese Handlungen wurde die Macht der Nazis in den kommenden 12 Jahren gesichert und stürzte Deutschland in seine Wohl du kelste Stunde.
#ww2 #2weltkrieg #geschichte #1933
Am 14. Jänner 1943 trafen sich zwei der wichtigsten Mächte des 2 Weltkrieg in Casablanka. Mit der Casablanka Konferenz wollten die Alliierten Länder USA und England ihr weiteres Vorgehen in Europa festlegen. Nachdem die Achsenmächte unter Rommel in Afrika bis nach Lybien zurückgedrängt waren worden sollte vor allem diese Front beendet werden.
Churchill setzte sich stark für eine Landung in Italien ein um Druck von dem Verbündeten Russland zu nehmen. Wochen zuvor hatten die sowjetischen Truppen die deutsche 6. Armee und ihren General Paulus in Stalingrad eingekesselt. Stalin hätte eigentlich ebenfalls kommen sollen, sagte aber auf Grund seines militärischen Nutzens an der Ostfront ab.
Die Westallierten einigten sich nach tagelangem Diskutieren darauf eine Landung im Herzen Europas auf 1944 zu verschieben aber die Möglichkeit einer Landung in Sizilien nicht aus den Augen zu lassen. Roosevelt gab an, sich vorerst auf die Pazifik Front fixieren zu wollen um den japanischen Wachstum in Asien zu unterbinden.
Die Casablanka Konferenz diente vor allem aber auch dazu zu Zeigen, daß die Amerikaner nicht die Briten über die Aktionen der Alliierten bestimmten.
#ww2 #deutschland #allierten #2weltkrieg #geschicht
The USS Jarvis (DD-393) was a destroyer of the United States Navy in World War two. The ship was named after the midshipman "James C. Jarvis" and was a ship of the Bagley-class. The commissioning was on 27th October 1937 and had a length of 104m, a width of 10m and a draft of 4m. With her 2 propellers, she had a maximum speed of 38.5 knots (71.3 km/h; 44.3 mph) and had a displacement of 2,325 tons. USS Jarvis had a armament of 4×Single 120mm guns, of 4×12.7mm machine guns and of 12×533mm torpedo tubes.
After her commissioning, the ship was under the command of Lieutenant Commander "R. R. Ferguson" and operated the next two years in the Pacific and the Caribbean Sea. Then in April 1940, she departed her home port at San Diego and arrived Pearl Harbor on 26th April for fleet exercises off the Hawaiian Islands. However, USS Jarvis also had several naval exercises off the Midway Islands and the Johnston Islands. After a overhauling in San Francisco, the ship returned to Pearl Harbor on 17th April 1941 and began with more than seven months of intensive maneuvers. During the Attack on Pearl Harbor, she shoot down four Japanese aircrafts and lost no crew member. The the next morning, USS Jarvis and several other destroyers left P.H. and started with anti-submarine warfare patrols. Then, the ship joined the Task Force 14 and operated together with the aircraft carrier USD Saratoga, later with the USS Lexington in the South Pacific. In addition, the destroyer also escorted convoys from the South Atlantic to Australia. On 19th July 1942, she joined the Task Force 62 and took part in the Guadalcanal Campaign. However, the USS Jarvis only supported the first days of the campaign with coastal bombardments and troop convoys. On 9th August 1942, the ship was sunk by Japanese Aichi D3A dive bombers, directly after the Battle of the Savo Island. All 233 (some say 247 or 248) crew members died. #History_of_warships #history #geschichte #UntitedStatesNavy #ww2 #worldwartwo #worldwartwohistory #worldwar2 #worldwar2history #2Weltkrieg #wwii #worldwarii #worldwariihistory #destroyer #zerstörer #sinking #untergang #secretsofhistory
[THIS POST IS STRICTLY NON-POLITICAL] American paratroopers from both the 502nd and 506th PIR (Parachute Infantry Regiment) pose with the spoils of war after heaving fighting the day prior, June 6th, 1944. This photograph was taken just south of Ravenoville, at Marmion Farm. On June 6th an hour and half long battle took place between the paratroopers and the German soldiers defending the farm which had been a command post. The flag that is being held by paratrooper James Flanagan, who took it off the wall of the command post when the fighting was done. The helmet at his boots had been exactly where it was the day prior when the German soldier wearing it was killed. Flanagan was apart of 2nd Platoon, "C" Company, 502nd PIR, 101st Airborne. He would survive the war and keep the flag, later donating it to the museum of the 101st Airborne where it still resides today. All of these paratroopers had been fighting for hours from about 1:15 AM to 9:00 AM (when this photograph was taken) practically non-stop. The paratrooper to the left of Flanagan appears to have a bullet hole in his helmet, evidence of the incredibly chaotic and heavy fighting that took place the hours prior. The soldier to the right of Flanagan is holding a jump machete, used for cutting yourself out of your harness or making your way through thick vegetation. On June 5th, 1944, the American paratroopers were told to get on their gear, pack their chutes, and get ready to jump. Skepticism of if this jump would be scrubbed by weather too ran high, several jumps in the days prior had been announced and then cancelled as the men were loading into their aircraft. But this time the paratroopers knew it would probably be the real deal. As the sun began to set, paratroopers were packing all of their essential items including: ammuntion, grenades, explosive blocks, gammom bombs, reserve chute, extra jump cord, identification clicker, jump knife, bayonet, machete, firearm, first aid kit, cigarettes, and rations. [CAPTION CONTINUED DOWN BELOW IN THE COMMENTS!] -
#ww2 #paratroopers #paratrooper #normandie #france #ravenoville #wwii #worldwar2 #history #geschichte #histoire #2weltkrieg #historical #vintage
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The USS Vincennes (CA-44) was a heavy cruiser of the United States Navy in World War two. The ship was named after the City Vincennes and was a ship of the New Orleans-class. The commissioning was on 24th February 1937 and had a length of 179m, a width of 18m and a draft of 7m. With her 8×Babcock & Wilcox boilers, she had a maximum speed of 32.7 knots (60.6 km/h; 37.6 mph) and had a displacement of 9,600 tons. USS Vincennes had a armament of 9×203mm guns, of 8×127mm AA guns, of 2×47mm saluting guns, of 12×20mm AA guns and of 4×28mm AA guns.
After her commissioning, the ship was under the command of Captain Burton H. Green and visited the cities Stockholm, Helsinki, Le Havre and Portsmouth. Then, she joined the 7th Cruiser Division in January 1938 and was stationed at San Diego(California). In March, USS Vincennes participated in several Fleet maneuvers in the Hawaiian area, before the cruiser returned to San Pedro for operations off the West coast. Before the outbreak of WW2, the ship was overhauled in the Mare Island Navy Yard and operated off the Chesapeake Bay. At the beginning of WW2, she began with Neutrality Patrols off the east coast, ranging into the Caribbean Sea and the Yucatán Channel and continued these patrols until the spring of 1940. In June, USS Vincennes visited French Morocco to load a shipment of french gold for transport to the United States. After the transport, the cruiser continued her Neutrality patrols until the end of 1940 and was then overhauled in the Norfolk Navy Yard. In 1941, she had a lot of gunnery exercises and a lot of simulated battle operations. Moreover, USS Vincennes also transported a large shipment of british gold bullion to the United States, because the UK had bought a lot of weapons in the US. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the ship returned to America and joined the Task Force 18. During the legendary Doolittle Raid, she was one of four cruisers that supported the both aircraft carrier USS Hornet and USS Enterprise. Her last actions was the Battle of Midway and the first days of the Guadalcanal Campaign. 👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇
The USS Quincy (CA-39) was a heavy cruiser of the United States Navy in World War two. The ship was named after the City of Quincy and was a ship of the New Orleans-class. The commissioning was on 9th June 1936 and had a length of 179m, a width of 18m and a draft of 7m. With her 8×Babcock & Wilcox boilers, she had a maximum speed of 32.7 knots (37.6 mph; 60.6 km/h) and had a displacement of 10,299 tons. USS Quincy had a armament of 9×203mm guns, of 8×127mm AA guns, of 2×47mm saluting guns, of 12×20mm AA guns and of 4×28mm AA guns.
After her commissioning, the ship joined the 8th Cruiser Division and was under the command of Captain William Faulkner Amsden. Then, she had a short training process, before the cruiser was sent in the Mediterranean sea, to protect American interests in the Spanish Civil War. On 27th July 1936, USS Quincy arrived the port of Málaga and operated together with an international rescue fleet, that included the German warships "Deutschland", "Admiral Graf Spee" and "Admiral Scheer". During her time in Spain, the ship evacuated a total of 490 refugees to Marseilles and Villefranche, before she was replaced by USS Raleigh in September 1936. Then, the cruiser returned to the Boston Navy Yard and completed her final sea trials, because her first deployment had been so rushed that she hadn’t yet undergone acceptance trials. In March 1937, USS Quincy joined the 7th Cruiser Division and was transferred to Pearl Harbor, on 10th May 1937. After her arriving, the ship took part in several test manoeuvres and Fleet tactical exercises. She also made a South American goodwill tour from April to June 1939. At the beginning of World War two, USS Quincy began with neutrality-patrols in North Atlantic and visited again Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina. In early 1941, the ship joined the Task Force 2 and operated together with the aircraft carrier USS Wasp, later with the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown in the Atlantic. Then, she joined the Task Force 16 and patrolled off the Iceland coast, to protect Iceland from German submarine attacks. 👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇
The USS Astoria (CA-34) was a heavy cruiser of the United States Navy in World War two. The ship was named after the City of Astoria and was the lead ship of her class (later New Orleans-class). The commissioning was on 28th April 1934 and had a length of 179m, a width of 18m and a draft of 7m. With her 8×Babcock & Wilcox boilers, she had a maximum speed of 32.7 knots (37.6 mph; 60.6 km/h) and had a displacement of 10,110 tons. USS Astoria had a armament of 3×3-200mm/55 guns, of 8×130mm AA guns, of 2×47mm AA guns, of 12×single 20mm Oerlikon AA guns and of 4×4-28mm AA guns.
After her commissioning, the ship was under the command of Captain Edmund S. Root and began a training process in the Pacific, where she also visit Hawaii, Samoa, Fiji, New Caledonia and Australia. In September 1934, the cruiser joined the 7th Cruiser Division (Scouting Force), which was based at San Pedro. Then, USS Astoria joined the 6th Cruiser Division in February 1937 and was part of peacetime maneuvers and naval exercises. At the beginning of 1939, the ship transported the ashes of the former Japanese Ambassador "Hiroshi Saito" from America to Japan. It was a gesture that expressed America's gratitude to the Japanese for returning the body of the late United States Ambassador Edgar Addison Bancroft. After Japan, she visited first Shanghai, Hong Kong, the Philippines and Guam, before she reaching her new home port of Pearl Harbor in October 1939. Then, USS Astoria left P.H. in April 1941 and was transferred to the Mare Island Navy Yard for a refit. At the end of the refit, the ship returned to P.H. and operated between Hawaii and Midway, later between Manila and Guam. During the Attack on Pearl Harbor, she was part of Task Force 12 (USS Lexington), which left Pearl Harbor two days before, to carry Marine bombers to Midway Island. After the attack, the force searched the area south-west of Hawaii to intercept and destroy any enemy ship in the vicinity of Pearl Harbor. The USS Astoria returned to P.H. on 13th December 1941 and supported several months of operation in the Pacific. 👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇👇
The swiss SS-Unterscharführer d.R. Eugen Wipf during his trail in Switzerland 1948.
Eugen Wipf was born in Zurich and joined the (Grenzschutz der Eidgenossenschaft Miliz) Borderguards in 1936. He was caught drunk during service and was to be imprisoned in Swiss. He escaped and was able to slip over the border shortly after the begin of ww2. Wipf kept himself hidden and commited several robbery crimes, in November 1941 he was caught and sent to the SS-Sonder-KL-Hinzert were he became a Kapo in 1942. During this time he was resposible for alot violents against other Swiss inmates and he was soon transfered to the "Asozialen" Section, where he became Oberkapo. In June 1944 he volunteered into service of the SS-Sonderregiment 'Dirlewanger' in which he took part in battles like the Warsaw Uprising, Slovakia,Hungary and battles of Germany. He became Unterscharführer and Groupleader in the II.Btl. and made himself known as a greedy and drunken leader. During the battle of Halbe he escaped and managed to sneak through the Swiss-Border where he was again caught. For crimes against Inmates and his service in the SS he was punished to life-long in Prison. He died shortly after the sentence in Zurich because of an Blood-infection on 31 August 1948.
#ww2 #historicalphotos #swiss #switzerland #wipf #ss #dirlewanger #dirlewangerdivision #history #holocaust #konzentrationslager #concentrationcamp #wk2 #warstories #warcriminal #2weltkrieg #weltkrieg #german #germany #waffenss #schweiz #schweizer #zurich #kanton #historicalbiography #1948 #worldwartwo #original #blackandwhite