12/9/1912 — The Speaker 🎙
"The evil is in the White House at the present time. And that evil is a man who has no care and no concern for the working class of America and the future generations of America, and who likes to ride a horse. He's cold. He's mean. He's got ice water for blood." 🔥🔥🔥
No, these are not the words of Nancy Pelosi, but rather a 1983 verbal portrait of Ronald Reagan painted by none other than Boston’s own Thomas Phillip “Tip” O’Neill, Jr. 👆🏻
Especially in these divisive times, folks fondly look to the relationship between Reagan and the 47th Speaker of the House, but as you can see, this was not a bromance for the ages 💔
But it’s understandable that Tip felt as strongly as he did about fighting the Reagan Revolution agenda ⚔️ Born today in 1912 in North Cambridge, O’Neill had grown up in the midst of the Depression and worked his entire adult life to empower government to improve the lives of others. The guy wasn’t exactly in love with the whole “pull yourselves up by your bootstraps” philosophy 🥾🥾
First came his adolescent campaigning for Al Smith and Franklin Roosevelt through Boston’s neighborhoods. Then, while a senior at Boston College 🦅, came his first Cambridge City Council race, the only election he’d ever lose. By 24, Tip had landed a seat in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, which he used to advocate for New Deal policies and rise through the ranks to become its first Democratic State Speaker in 1949 🥇
When in 1952 this hotshot Congressman named John F. Kennedy became the state’s new Senator, O’Neill ran for his seat and won. He would represent northern Boston in Congress for the next 34 years, becoming Speaker in 1977. This tenure makes Tip the third-longest serving Speaker in history 🥉, and the only one to lead 5️⃣ consecutive bodies of Congress.
There’s real beauty to the fact that Tip O’Neill lives on in the I-93 tunnel bearing his name 🛣 Every single day, that thing takes thousands of people to work. At the end of the day, that’s all he ever wanted: to make it a little easier for people to get along 🇺🇸
So- this is my bookshelf! I'm posting this to remember the order of my books-
The first shelf is my American History, and my modern politics shelf. Half of this shelf is full of J.J. Eliss's books (I just got another one to add to my collection today!) The second shelf is for my self help books, my wiccan spell books and guides, poetry and how to write poetry, classics like Jane Austen and Sir Aurther Conan Doyle, and my art books! This shelf also holds my grandmothers tea cup, as well as a cello my aunt Ronda begifted me.
The last shelf is entirely fiction- books I've kept since fourth grade. Percy Jackson, to be specific.
And...that's it? There's also my alter, where I have pictures of me and my sister, and me with my dog Diego.
This shelf is probably one of the best things in my life rn. XD
#bookshelf #bookworm #reader #books #bookcollection #decorations #poetry #philosophy #teacup #history #fiction #nonfiction #americanhistory #booknerd #bookstorehall
Comment any suggestions below!
MG 34: Germany’s Early WWII Machine Gun
The MG 34 began with a concept introduced in the early 1930s that sought a machine gun that could be used as an LMG, defensive machine gun, AA gun, secondary and primary armament for vehicles, and a number of other roles—the general purpose/universal machine gun. The German Army, in defiance of the Treaty of Versailles, issued an RFP in 1932 for such a gun, and the resulting piece would include elements from a number of different sources. For example, the basic pattern was copied from the MG 30, designed by Louis Stange of Solothurn (which was effectively Rheinmetall), while the 75-round drum magazine and increased rate of fire was from Heinrich Vollmer of Mauser (who directly contributed most to the MG 34). The German ordnance department, the Waffenamt, coordinated the combination of all of these elements into a single design, which was secretly adopted as the Maschinengewehr 34 in 1934, or the MG 34. Production began in 1936, with official adoption in 1939. Weighing in at 26.7 lb (12.1 kg) and at 48 in (1.22 m) long, the MG 34 was the world’s first universal machine gun, designed to fill a number of roles in the Wehermacht. These included: bipod-deployed light machine gun, AA gun, vehicle armament, and defensive tripod-mounted heavy machine gun. Early MG 34s had a grip-mounted rate reducer, allowing the rate of fire to be adjusted to 400-900 rounds/min; this was soon deleted and the rate of fire was set at 800-900 rounds/min. It fired 7.92 mm Mauser (198 grain (12.8 g) at 2,510 ft/s (765 m/s)) from a 50- or 250-round non-disintegrating metal belt. The 50-round belt was for when the 34 was deployed as an LMG, and in this role it used a “gurttrommel” drum belt container which housed the belt. A 75-round drum magazine was also available for early MG 34s, but was quickly dropped. When deployed as a heavy machine gun, the MG 34 was used on the Lafette 34 tripod, which had recoil-absorbent springs, direct and indirect fire scopes, and the ability to be set up prone or kneeling. Continued below! 👇