Pura Besakih is a temple complex in the village of Besakih on the slopes of Mount Agung in eastern Bali, Indonesia. It is the most important, the largest and holiest temple of Hindu religion in Bali, and one of a series of Balinese temples. Perched nearly 1000 meters up the side of Gunung Agung, it is an extensive complex of 23 separate but related temples with the largest and most important being Pura Penataran Agung. The temple is built on six levels, terraced up the slope. The entrance is marked by a candi bentar (split gateway), and beyond it the Kori Agung is the gateway to the second courtyard.
The precise origins of the temple are unclear but its importance as a holy site almost certainly dates from prehistoric times. The stone bases of Pura Penataran Agung and several other temples resemble megalithic stepped pyramids, which date back at least 2,000 years.
It was certainly used as a Hindu place of worship from 1284 when the first Javanese conquerors settled in Bali. By the 15th century, Besakih had become a state temple of the Gelgel dynasty.
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BALI FOR ROOKIES: PEMEGAT RITUAL DURING CREMATION CEREMONY IN BALI.
Cremation ceremony in Bali are very well known world wide for it's uniqueness and magnificence, even David Bowie give his appreciation of Bali, and Indonesia as a whole, can be traced back to a trip he took with friend and collaborator Iggy Pop, which was recounted in the 1984 song “Tumble and Twirl.” The lyrics don’t indicate that Bowie had the opportunity to observe a Ngaben—the traditional Balinese cremation ceremony he was likely referring to in his will—but it’s no surprise that he admired this beautiful and elaborate ritual.
The Cremation or Ngaben ceremnony will begins with intercepting events.Before Ngaben's ceremony was held, in the morning, families and relatives and the surrounding community would gather and host the event. You can see how all the people are cheering to show their sincerity for the death of the ancestors. This begining procession or ritual called "Pemegat", which literaly mean "cut off", it's has meaning or philosophy to happily and cheerings to let the soul on it's journey to the others world and the soul finally gathering with holy ray of the creator. It can also mean releasing the spirit from the earthly attachments or human world it leaves behind. During the rituals it's will be a set of offering full of symbol and philosophy perapered, called " banten Pemegat". #cremation #ritual #baliritual #balitradition #bali #balibagus #adimelali #bali #cremation #love #life #travel #explore #truly_bali #deeply_bali #madly_bali #bowie #iggy_pop
BALI FOR ROOKIES : A BALINESE FUNERAL & CREMATION TRADITION Balinese funeral has three important parts: the funeral, cremation ceremony, and the purification of the soul.
A temporary burial occurs during the funeral service until it’s time for the cremation ceremony. Families may leave food, flowers, or other items as an offering to a shrine next to the burial site. The time before the cremation ceremony is sad for families since the soul hasn’t been purified yet.
To free the soul from the body for reincarnation, the body burns inside a coffin during the cremation ceremony. The releasing of the ashes into the water purifies the soul.
In Bali, funerals are important and expensive events whose size and expense depends on the caste, wealth and prestige of the deceased. They are festive occasions—that celebrate the release of the soul to god—with huge processions of flower-decked people and floats. Funerals can be very expensive, There are many stories about people being chased by debt collectors and having their motorcycle taken away because they took out big loans for a funeral and couldn’t pay them back.Ngaben—Balinese funeral cremation—aims cleansing the soul of the deceased so that it will be unified with the God. Ngaben is a very significant, month-long prepared ceremony. In Bali, each cremation take all the village members to work together to help the family administering the whole processes of the ceremony, and therefore such a ceremony often turns into a very big happening. The body is put in big chest and carried by 15-50 healthy men from the house through to the grave yard.The ceremony of cremation itself comprises three feast days. The first is used to purify the corpse from head to toes with holy water. The second to elaborate the offerings, some of them being high structures solidly built of wood. The third is the incineration. The body is then placed in the funeral tower ("Bade") which can take up to 12 meters in height, depending on the wealth of the family and the caste. They are often very artistic and the manufacture is extremely costly. 👇