Surah Al Kahf is a Meccan Surah. it was revealed when Prophet Muhammad was in Mecca. It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) before the Migration to Medina when the persecution of Muslims and Islam was at its peak. It was revealed somewhere between 8th and 10th year of Prophethood. Surah Al Kahf has 110 Ayaat/Verses and is the 18th Surah of the Qur’an.
Reciting this chapter is important because:
1- Whoever recites the last part of this surah would wake up at whatever time he plans to wake up. It serves as an alarm clock.
2- Whoever recites this surah every Friday night he would atone for his omissions and inadvertencies committed during the period connecting two Fridays.
3- Whoso recites on Friday night verse 110 of this surah, there would be a light for him covering the distance upto Kabah and Bayt al Muqaddas and it would seek forgiveness for him throughout the night, and after death he would be raised among the group of martyrs.
4- Whoever writes down this surah on of paper and inserts it in a glassbottle and keeps this bottle in the house, poverty would not come near him nor there would be any need to take loan; and mischief mongers would not harass him.
If the bottle with written surah Kahf, as mentioned in (iv) is kept in the godowns where grains are stored, they would be protected from every type of harmful creatures which destroy grains.
There are 4 important themes in this Surah. take a look at this:
1. Trial of Faith – People of the Cave/ Ashabu Al-Kahf (Verses 9 – 26)
2. Trial of Wealth – The story of the rich and the poor (Verses 32 – 44)
3. Trial of Knowledge – Moses and Al-Khidr (Verses 60–82)
4. Trial of Power – Dhul-Qar-nayn with Yajuj Majuj (Verses 83–98)