IT has long been known that the avenue of ram-headed sphinxes Amenophis III which extends southwarcte from the Temple of Khons at Karnak is the nonthern end of a processional way once linking the Temple of Karnak with the Temple of Luxor about one and a half miles to the south. On the line of this avenue, Zakaria Effendi Ghoneim, chief inspector of antiquities for Upper Egypt, has recently found a further series of human-headed sphinxes erected by either Nectanebo I or II about a thousand years later, in the late fourth century B.C. The main interest of the new discovery appears to lie, for the moment at least, in the inscriptions on the base of each sphinx. "The text records that Nectanebo had made this road for Amun so that he might make good navigation from Luxor". The god Amun was normally resident at Karnak. The principal occasion on which he visited Luxor was during the annual festival of Opet, when he was conveyed by river from Karnak to Luxor and the whole city was given over to festivity for many days. The new texts, therefore, either hint that by the end of the Pharaonic period the river journey of Amun during the Feast of Opet had been replaced by a progress by land, or they refer to a new or unidentified ThebaThe southern city of Luxor which today sits on the site of ancient Thebes, the capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom in 1570 – 1069 BC, has celebrated 70years since al-Kebash avenue, the Avenue of the Rams or Avenue of the Sphinxes, was first discovered on 18 March 1949.
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