🇬🇧The first inhabitants were the Celts, that migrated into Ireland aroud 300 b.C. and they called their land Éire after their matron goddess Éiru. Between 400 and 432 A.D. Ireland was converted to Christianity by the bishop Saint Patrick. From the 8th to the 12th century Ireland was settled by the Vikings that founded cities like Dublin and Belfast but they were soon expelled in 1167 by the Normans that failed to conquer the whole island and between 1348 to 1485, with the Black Plague and the War of the Roses, they were weakened: this allowed the Irish kings to take lands and only a few Normans stronghold were left. From 1569 to 1603 Edward VIII fought the Irish kings conquering all of Ireland that in 1604 was united fully under British rule. The resentment from having the Protestants as their ruler brought several cases of revolts to try obtaining independence . To have a better control the English monarchs replaced irish farmers with english and scottish ones but only in northern Ireland, where there were a lot of Presbyterians, it worked. In 1804, after another Irish rebellion, the English united the country into a single Union in order to better control rebellions. In the 19th century the Irish started demanding more liberties and their own parliament but they weren't listened until 1916 when the Eastern Revolution broke out in Dublin and the British were forced to split the isle into two self-governing territories both of whom were still part of the UK. A civil war broke out between the supporters of the Free State and the supporters of a full Republic: despite the win of who wanted a Free State the Republicans were soon elected in Parliament and Ireland became a Republic. But in northern Ireland there was a discrimination against the Catholics: this led to several clashes against the police and several paramilitary groups rose up like the IRA until 1998 when a treaty between the two Irelands ensured a relative peace. After the Brexit many think that there can be a reunification between the two Irelands 'cause northern Ireland wish to remain in the Eu and the Ireland is in the Eu but only time will tell us.