Galata Kulesi, ilk olarak Bizans İmparatoru Anastasius Oilosuz tarafından inşa ettirilmiş. 528 yılında tamamlandığında ahşap yapıdan fener kulesi olarak istifade edilmiş. Ancak bölgede meydana gelen yangın felaketi yapıyı tamamen kullanılamaz hale getirmiş.
Yerden çatısının ucuna kadar olan yüksekliği 69,90 metredir. Duvar kalınlığı 3.75 m, iç çapı 8.95 m, dış çapı da 16.45 metredir. Yapılan statik hesaplamalara göre ağırlığı yaklaşık 10.000 ton, kalın gövdesi işlenmemiş moloz taşındandır. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The Galata Tower is one of Istanbul’s most iconic visuals, overlooking Beyoğlu and Karaköy from its perched position, while the colorful lights of the tower can be seen at night from all over the city.
Although it’s not known when the Galata Tower was exactly built, it is commonly agreed that the tower took life during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Justinian around 507 CE. Back then, the tower was known as the ‘Christea Turris,’ or the Tower of Christ, by the Genoese, while the Byzantines referred to it as the ‘Megalos Pyrgos,’ or the Great Tower. But it was during the Genoese period the tower took on its current shape, when the Galata neighborhood was inhabited by the colonies of the Republic of Genoa, which served as a series of economic and trade posts in the Mediterranean and Black Seas.
In 1509, the tower was heavily damaged due to an earthquake but was restored by the famous Ottoman architect, Hayreddin, who also built the renowned Sultan Bayezid II complex in Edirne. During the reign of Ottoman Sultan Süleiman the Magnificent, the tower had a very different purpose, as it was used to hold prisoners who were sentenced to work at the Kasımpaşa Naval Dockyard. By the end of the 16th century, an observatory was added at the very top by the astrologer, Takiyüddin Efendi, but the tower was destined to become a prison once more during the reign of Sultan Murat III between 1546 and 1595.
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