Chor Minor Madrasah, one of the most recognizable monuments of Bukhara, Uzbekistan
Photo credit: @noraewang
Chor Minor, alternatively known as the Madrasah of Khalif Niyaz-kul, is a historic mosque in the historic city of Bukhara, Uzbekistan. Located in a lane northeast of the Lyab-i Hauz complex (a historical source of water supply in Bukhara), it is protected as a cultural heritage monument, and also it is a part of the World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Bukhara.
In Persian, the name of the monument means "Four minarets", and the building indeed has four towers crowned with blue domes, different in decors from each other.
The structure was built by Khalif Niyazkul, a wealthy merchant of Turkmen origin, in the 19th century under the rule of the Janid dynasty.
The towers of Chor Minor are not minarets. Three of them were used for storage, and one has a staircase leading to the top floor. All of them are topped by domes covered by blue ceramic tiles. Each of four towers have different deco rational motifs. Some say that elements of decoration reflect the four religions known to Central Asians.
In 1998 one tower collapsed during an earthquake. It was restored later under the auspices of UNESCO.