Today marks the 86th death #anniversary
of #Shaheed #Bhagat
, and #Sukhdev
. On 23rd March 1931, the three were hung unto death in Lahore, then British #India
But not many people know the exact reason for which this legendary trio were executed. Most people seem to think it was their attack on the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi, when they exploded two improvised bombs. This attack took place in April, 1929, and sure they were arrested for this act, but they were not executed for this crime.
of events began in 1928, when the British #government
set up the Simon Commission to report on the #political
situation in India. Some #Indian
boycotted the #Commission
because there were no Indians in its #membership
. There were widespread protests across the #country
. When the Commission visited Lahore on 30 October 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai led a march in protest against it. Police attempts to disperse the large crowd resulted in violence. The superintendent of police, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge the protesters and personally assaulted Rai, who was injured. Rai died of a heart attack on 17 November 1928. #Doctors
thought that his death might have been hastened by the injuries he had received.
Bhagat Singh, alongwith Sukhdev and Rajguru held Scott personally responsible for their beloved Lala ji’s death. They decided to avenge his death by assassinating Scott. However, in a case of mistaken identity, they shot and killed 21 year old British officer John Saunders, as he was leaving the District Police Headquarters in Lahore on 17 December 1928. Bhagat Singh owned up to the attack, but tried to pass off Saunders as the intended target, instead of Scott. The British Government launched a massive man hunt for Singh, but he managed to evade the authorities, as always.