Imam Musa Kazim (a.s)
Imam Musa Kazim (a.s) succeeded his father, Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s) as the 7th Imam. He lived under the most crucial times in the regimes of the despotic `Abbasid kings who were marked for their tyrannical and cruel administration. The Imamate of the 7th Imam lasted for about 35 years, having lived under different caliphs. He held this coveted distinction as the longest period of Imamate of the Eleven Imams. The caliphs were always on the alert to discover any real or imaginary disloyalty with the Imam or his followers and they would immediately put them under arrest. This natural anxiety, however, does not appear to have seriously interrupted his life as an Imam. He continued to disseminate Qura’nic teachings as his father used to do through the Islamic schools opened in Madina.
After hearing about the great reputation of the Imam, the caliphs could not resist their jealousy and the spark of their ancestral malice against the Ahl-al-Bayt (a.s.) used to rekindle. It was during the reign of Harun-ar-Rasheed when the Imam (a.s) was arrested and imprisoned in Baghdad for a period of about 14 years. The prisons were so small that there was no room to stand and the Imam (a.s) was barely given food and water. On the 25th Rajab 183 A.H, he got the Imam (a.s) martyred by poison. Even his corpse was not spared of humiliation and was taken out of the prison and left on the Bridge of Baghdad. Imam’s body lay there for several days before it was finally taken and buried in Kazmain.
جس کے اٹھارہ بیٹے جواں سال کے
اُس کی میت کو مزدور لے کر چلے
بین کرتی چلی ساتھ میں سیدہ
Abu Muhammad Baha al-Din Zakariya Multani [d.665 – 1267 CE] ‘alayhi al-rahmah wa’l-ridwan
Hadrat Shaykh Baha-al-Din Zakariya (Persian: بہاؤ الدین زکریا ) was a Sufi of the Suhrawardiyya order (tariqa). His full name was al-Shaykh al-Kabir Baha-ud-Din Abu Muhammad Zakaria al-Qurayshi al-Asadi al Hashmi.
Shaykh Baha al-Din Zakariya known as ‘Bahawal Haq’ was born at Kot Kehror, a town of the Layyah District near Multan, Punjab, Pakistan, around 1170 Common Era. His grand father Shah Kamal al-Din Ali Shah Qurayshi al Hashmi arrived in Multan from Makkah en route to Khwarizm where he stayed for a short while. Shaykh Baha al-Din was from the descendents of Asad Ibn Hashim the maternal grandfather of Hadrat Ali ibn Abi Talib Radi Allahu anhu.
In Tariqat he was the disciple of Renowned Sufi Master Shaykh Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi Radi Allahu anhu who awarded him Khilafat only after 17 days of stay at his Khanqaah in Baghdad.
For fifteen years he went from place to place to preach Islam and after his wanderings ‘Bahawal Haq’ settled in Multan in 1222. One of his famous disciples is Hadrat Lal Shah Baz Qalander Radi Allahu anhu [d.650]. Shah baz Qalandar (Sayyad Uthman) was seen as a controversial figure by some, because he was a majzub wali. He would put on red clothes and was often found in a state of spiritual ecstasy. This offended the orthodox ulema of the time. Qazi Qutb al-Din Kashfi, a prominent alim, gave a fatwa [religious edict) against Sayyad Uthman, who was staying in a village near Multan. He was furious when he heard about this fatwa and travelled to Multan with his followers to avenge the dishonour. At the time, Shaykh Baha al-Din Zakariya Multani was presiding over the seat of spiritual guidance and enlightenment and his circle of disciples included scholars and sages. When he learnt of Sayyad Uthman and the cause of his anger, Shaykh Baha al-Din, managed to calm him down.
Humbled by Shaykh Baha al-Din, he said: ”O personification of the light, I beg your pardon. I was in the wrong. I had come to take revenge from an alim of your city, but I have myself become your prisoner. Don’t keep me waiting for long and accept my submission and bai’t.”
Assalamu alaykum guys!
So this is my first post on this account which I've just created moments ago. I plan on documenting many great events from our islamic history.
Reading a lot of books about our history could be daunting for some of us because there's just too much to take in; so I thought a series of posts that summarise great moments from our history could be useful here on Instagram - a platform we use on a daily basis.
My current plan is to make a series of chronological posts starting from the coming of our prophet Mohammad ﷺ then moving onto the four Rashidun Caliphs, then the Umayyad Caliphate, the Abbasids, ...etc. In addition to that, I plan on posting *random fact* posts about islam in general. Not sure what else is to come from me but I hope that I can benefit as many people as I can with the limited knowledge that Allah blesses me with.
May my posts always find you in good health and imaan. Ameen :)
(Sources and credits will be included at the end of each post in sha Allah).
P.s. I'm always open to ideas and suggestions! Jazakum Allahu khairan
Al-Khulafa Mosque (Baghdad, Iraq) - Conmisioned during the reign of al-Muktafi, the Abbasid Caliph (902-908).