Tyne-Tees Steam Shipping Company Ltd. acquired a new passenger ship in 1910, the Stephen Furness. She weighed in at 1,700 tons, was 290 ft in length and could make 14 knots. Service was uneventful for Furness until the year 1914, which of course began WWI. The Royal Navy decided to requisition her to become an armed merchant cruiser (although weapons aren’t exactly specified). During the war, her service was still relatively uneventful, only stopping the occasional freighter that seemed suspicious. It wasn’t until December 13th, 1917 when she was steaming along in the middle of the Irish Sea when things became ‘eventful’. Walter Gude’s UB-64 Sry up position and fired a single torpedo which slammed into Furness’ starboard side, between the bridge and the funnel. She began settling by the bow immediately and the crew began to lower the lifeboats to abandon ship. Before any could be launched, Stephen Furness suddenly plunged to the bottom, taking with her 101 of her crew. #wwi #ww1 #worldwarone #worldwar1 #worldwari #uboat #british #armedmerchantcruiser #royalnavy #navy #1910 #1917 #2018 #irishsea #tragedy #lestweforget #stephenfurness
The Ottoman Empire acquired a brand new, and incredibly large, ironclad in 1875. She was the Mesudiye (Photos 2,3), weighing in at 8,900 tons, 330 ft in length and made 13.7 knots; armed with twelve 10 inch and three 7 inch guns. Although she was brand new during the Russo-Turkish War of 1877, the navy never saw any real action. In the intervening years, Mesudiye and the rest of the major units laid untouched for 20 years until the Greco-Turkish War of 1897. By this point, they were in such bad condition that Mesudiye was unable to participate in the fighting. Instead of scrapping this obsolete ironclad, funds were made to essentially gut her, taking out the superstructure, engines, screws and guns. Once completed (Photos 1,4,5,6,7), she was more like an pre-dreadnought type battleship (although was still known as an ironclad). She now weighed in at 9,250 tons, had new speed of 16 knots; armed with two 9 inch, twelve 6 inch and fourteen 3 inch guns. The renewed vigor of Mesudiye saw her join the fleet once more as a capital ship, however saw no action during the Italo-Turkish War, but in the ending months of 1912 (which was still in wartime) the Balkan Wars began. On December 16th, 1912, the Ottoman fleet attempted to force the Dardanelles that was being blockaded by heavy units of the Royal Hellenic Navy. The Battle of Elli began at 9:30 AM when 3 Greek ironclads and the armored cruiser Georgios Averof. As the shots were exchanged, the Averof took up a lone position on the opposite side of the Ottomans, catching them in a cross fire which withered many of the heavier Ottoman ships. Around 10:20 AM, the Ottoman Navy was making best speed back in the Dardanelles with Mesudiye covering the back. Later on January 18th of 1913, the Ottoman Fleet set out again to meet the Hellenic Fleet which resulted in the Battle of Lemnos at 11:55 AM. Georgios Averof was present once again and kept the Ottomans on their toes by maneuvering into a flanking position. This threw the formation off and in the mix of the action, Mesudiye took a serious hit from an 8 inch shell that destroyed some of her 6 inch guns and damaged her boiler room. ((Continues below👇👇👇))
A Japanese protected cruiser was completed in 1898 in Britain, she then took on the journey to the land of the rising sun, her name was Takasago. She weighed in at 4,200 tons, was 390 ft in length and could make 23.5 knots; armed with two 8 inch, ten 4.7 inch, twelve 12 lb guns and five 18 inch torpedo tubes. Not long did she have to wait in peacetime when a state of war came between Russia and Japan, the Russo-Japanese War, in 1904. With the fleet, Takasago participated in the Battle of Port Arthur in February, shelling part of the city and the warships at anchor. Later in May, she was ordered to help tow, them take survivors off, the battleships Yashima and Hatsuse. They had struck mines, but eventually succumbed and capsized. Mines were something that caused much trouble on both sides, much of it in the Yellow Sea and outside Port Arthur. On December 13th, Takasago was tasked with scouting outside Port Arthur at night and during a blizzard, likely to help with concealing their presence. As many others, she passed into the minefields and, just 37-40 miles off shore, a massive blast opened up her hull to the raging sea. Seconds after impact, her main magazines erupted into flames and this led to her going down very quickly. An accompanying cruiser picked up survivors and left the scene without getting hit surprisingly, but remained was 273 men. #cruiser #warship #ship #maritime #history #photo #tragedy #minefield #russojapanesewar #1898 #1904 #2018 #japanese #battleofportarthur #portarthur #diagram #lestweforget #takasago
What friends are for:
An American soldier next to some Moroccan workers, 1918.
Despite the widespread claim that France was the first nation to recognize us during our fight for freedom, that honor actually goes to Morocco, who did so in December 1777. This was crucial because American shipping was able to use Moroccan ports, as well as enjoy their protection along nearby trade routes when trade was just about the one thing the young country was good at.
From that point thereafter, American-Moroccan relations could be said to be some of the best that the U.S had enjoyed throughout its history. In WW1, Moroccan troops fought side by side with Americans at 2nd Marne, which was the first and best American campaign of the war, beating back the last German offensive and helping to bring the war to a close. The U.S would arguably repay the favor lent to us in 1777 when in 1942, American troops landed to liberate the country from the Nazis. Even today, Morocco is arguably our most valuable and proactive player in the war on terror, providing counterterrorism operations, intelligence, and even spies for American operations.
I think this is really cool history that not many people know about, so go Morocco!
In 1943, the 1936B class of German destroyers, Z-35 (Photo 1,2), was completed. She weighed in at 3,500 tons, 410 ft in length and could make 36.5 knots; armed with five 5 inch guns and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes. Later in 1944, a sistership, the Z-36 (Photo 3), was added to the fleet. Both would not see much action, in fact they wouldn’t even leave the Baltic Sea but instead took part in local escort duties against Soviet submarines. The Baltic for most of the war had remained relatively free of Russian subs, but by this point they began breaking out and targeting German shipping. In an attempt to close off their access, the Kriegsmarine laid minefields in the Gulf of Finland. In December of 1944, Z43, Z-35 and Z-36 set out for such an operation. They were in the western end of the Gulf, dropping their own mines off when suddenly Z-35 was caught by a large blast that sent her to the bottom quickly. The trio might not have known it, but they stumbled into a previously lain minefield. Z-36 and Z-43 attempted to pick up survivors, but Z-36 then struck yet another mine and sank, leaving only Z-43 left to tell what happened. Between the two destroyers, 540 men were lost by friendly mines, only 120 survived. Z-43 herself would also be lost to a mine in April the next year, but the incident involving the two other destroyers was one of many friendly fire cases in the Kriegsmarine. #german #kriegsmarine #navy #destroyer #warship #ship #maritime #history #1943 #1944 #2018 #photo #wwii #ww2 #worldwartwo #worldwarii #worldwar2 #gulfoffinland #tragedy #navaldisaster #friendlyfire #lestweforget #z35 #z36
Around the beginning of WWII, the Hunt destroyers were being made, the Type 1 design as it would be known. HMS Tynedale (Photos 2-4) was completed that year at 900 tons, 270 ft in length and 29 knots of speed; armed four 4 inch guns, AA mounts and 40 depth charges. They were designed solely for escorting convoys and hunting U-boats, but their compact design didn’t allow for much modification which led to other Hunt types. In 1941, the Hunt Type III destroyer, HMS Holcombe (Photo 1), was completed. She weighed in at 1,050 tons, 280 ft in length and could make 29 knots; armed with four 4 inch guns, two 21 inch torpedo tubes, 110 depth charges and AA mounts. Both Tynedale and Holcombe were immediately tasked in escort duties in the North Atlantic and Mediterranean. These ships were essential to driving away the U-boat menace, but the U-boats bit back from time to time as well. On December 12th, 1943, Gerd Kelbling’s U-593 came upon convoy KMS-34 which was steaming off Northern Africa from Gibraltar to Port Said. Tynedale and Holcombe were both in convoy, but at 7:10 AM a torpedo slammed into Tynedale, breaking her back and she sank with 73 men. In retaliation the escorts gave chase and got sonar contact, but U-593 evaded any damage. Eventually contact was lost and the U-boat repositioned herself in sight of HMS Holcombe. U-593 then fired another torpedo which struck Holcombe at 2:45 PM, again wrecking the hunter, which sank in just 5 minutes with 84 of her crew. Although 157 men were lost, another 162 were saved. U-593 didn’t escape its persecution after sinking Holcombe and was caught and sunk the next day. #uboat #battleoftheatlantic #mediterranean #wwii #ww2 #worldwartwo #worldwarii #worldwar2 #1939 #1941 #1943 #2018 #75thanniversary #tragedy #royalnavy #destroyer #warship #maritime #history #photo #british #navy #lestweforget #holcombe #tynedale
Britain’s mass build up of inter-war destroyers included the D-class, HMS Duchess. She weighed in at 1,400 tons, was 330 ft in length and could make 36 knots; armed with four 4.7 inch, one 3 inch gun and eight 21 inch torpedo tubes. Upon her completion in 1932, she operated with the fleet, but took up post as well in the ‘Far East’ in Singapore among other British colonies. In 1937 Duchess was involved in a collision with a merchant, but damage was insufficient enough that she could be repaired without needing voyage to Britain. She would eventually come back to Britain once war began in September of 1939, her role became that of an escort for the bigger and more vulnerable units of the fleet. In December, Duchess was tasked with escorting HMS Barham (Photo 5), but off the Mull of Kintyre fog rolled in to blanket the British warships. In the morning of December 12th, Duchess and Barham unknowingly converged on each other with the battleship’s bows coming out of the blindness and cut deep into Duchess. Flooding caused an immediate list and she capsized before the depth charges could be disarmed. As the destroyer disappeared from the surface, those depth charges detonated and killed most of the survivors in the water. Only 21 men were found, but 124 of her crew went down with Duchess. #destroyer #battleship #warship #ship #maritime #history #photo #hmsbarham #tragedy #disaster #wwii #ww2 #worldwartwo #worldwarii #worldwar2 #1932 #1939 #2018 #irishsea #mullofkintyre #lestweforget #hmsduchess #duchess