The Warsaw Ghetto ( #German
: Warschauer Ghetto, officially Jüdischer Wohnbezirk in Warschau #Jewish #ResidentialDistrict
) was the #largest
of all the Jewish ghettos in #GermanOccupiedEurope
. It was established by the German #authorities
in the Muranów neighborhood of the Polish capital between #October
16, 1940; within the new General Government territory of German-occupied Poland. There were over 400,000 Jews imprisoned there, at an area of 3.4 km2 (1.3 sq mi), with an average of 9.2 persons per room, barely subsisting on meager #foodrations
. From the Warsaw Ghetto, Jews were deported to Nazi camps and #massKilling
centers. In the summer of 1942 at least 254,000 Ghetto residents were sent to the Treblinka extermination camp during Großaktion Warschau under the guise of " #resettlement
in the East" over the course of the summer.
toll among the Jewish inhabitants of the Ghetto is estimated to be at least 300,000 killed by #bullet
, combined with 92,000 victims of rampant hunger and hunger-related diseases, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and the #casualties
of the final destruction of the Ghetto.
Before World War II, Warsaw was one of the most #diverseCities
in the Second Polish Republic. The majority of Polish Jews lived in the merchant districts of Muranów, Powązki, and Stara Praga, while most ethnic Germans lived in Śródmieście. Over 90% of Catholics lived further away from the bustling commercial and vital centre of the capital.The Jewish community was the most prominent there, constituting over 88% of the inhabitants of Muranów; with the total of about 32.7% of the population of the left-bank and 14.9% of the right-bank Warsaw, or 332,938 people in total according to 1931 census. Many Jews left the city during the depression, which was more severe and longer-lasting in Poland than elsewhere in Europe. In 1938 the Jewish population of the Polish capital was estimated at 270,000 people.
The Siege of Warsaw continued until September 29, 1939.