Armenian is an Indo-European language with about 6 million speakers mainly in Armenia (Հայաստան [Hayastan]) and Nagorno-Karabakh, a de facto, though unrecognised, independent republic in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the South Caucasus. There are also Armenian speakers in many other countries, including Russia, Georgia, Lebanon, Iran, Syria, Turkey, Egypt and the USA.
Armenian is the offical language of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, and has official status as a minority language in Cyprus, Poland and Romania. Until the the early 1990s schools in Armenian taught in either Armenian or Russian, however after the collapse of the USSR, Armenian became the main medium of instruction and the Russian-medium schools were closed. In 2010 Russian language education was reintroduced in Armenia -----
In the late 4th century AD, King Vramshapuh (Վռամշապուհ) of Armenia asked Mesrop Mashtots (Մեսրոպ Մաշտոց), one of the officials in his chancellery and a prominent scholar, to create a new alphabet for Armenian. Before then, Armenian had been written with 'cuneiform' scripts, which was deemed unsuitable for religious works by the Armenian Church.
Mashtots travelled to Alexandria, where he studied the principles of writing and came to the conclusion that the Greek alphabet was the best alphabet in use at that time because there was an almost one-to-one correspondence between sounds and letters. He used this model to come up with a new alphabet, which he presented to the king when he returned to Armenia in 405 AD. The new alphabet was well-received and a new Armenian translation of the bible was published in 405 AD. Other literary works soon followed.
There are two standard forms of Armenian: Eastern Armenian, spoken mainly in Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Georgia and Iran; and Western Armenian, spoken by the Armenian diaspora in many countries. They are more or less mutually intelligible.
🔣🚩Petroglyphs in Armenia
Petroglyphs (also called rock engravings, Greek: petros – stone and glyphe – carving) are pictogram and logogram images which are made on the walls of caves, ceilings and on the surfaces of rocks and stones. There are worldwide about 120 countries in the world. There are five geographical areas in Armenia, There are the following areas: Aragats, Geghama Mountains, the slopes of Ukhtasar in Syunik region of Armenia. In Geghama mountains on the slopes of Aragats and Ukhtasar were found many rock carvings, the oldest of which were about 9000 years old. Total amount of petroglyphs are 20.000, from which more than 6000 situated in Ukhtasar Syunik region of Armenia. Petroglyphs date back to more than 7000 year BC. In Geghama Mountains pictures were made on blue stones. They got this color because of lightning strikes; the surface color of stones sharply differs from internal color. So this makes the pictures very distinct, especially when you look at them under right angle of sunbeams. The technical principles of carving haven’t been changed within thousands of years. The abundant paintings and variety of images of rituals, hunting scenes made by local tribes on the black and brown rocks reflect the man’s material and spiritual life of the era. These carvings give a good conception about life of ancient Armenians, their traditions and culture; they are very significant as primary source of history.
The Urartian or Vannic language was spoken by the inhabitants of the ancient kingdom of Urartu, located in the region of Lake Van, with its capital near the site of the modern town of Van, in the Armenian Highland, modern-day Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. It was probably dominant around Lake Van and in the areas along the upper Zab valley.
➖Native to : Armenian Highland
➖Region : Urartu
➖Era : 9th–6th century BCE
➖Language family : Hurro-Urartian 🔣🚩Ուրարտերեն լեզու
Ուրարտերեն լեզվով կամ Վաներեն լեզվով խոսում էին հին Ուրարտու թագավորության բնակիչները , որը գտնվում էր Վանա լճի տարածքում , մայրաքաղաքով այօրվա Վան քաղաքը , գտնվում է Հայկական Լեռնաշխարհում , այսօրվա արևելյան Անատոլիայում , թուրքիայում ։ Այն հավանաբար գերիշխում էր Վանա լճի և վերևի Զաբի հովտում գտնվող շրջանները:
➖Հայրենիքը ` Հայկական Լեռնաշխարհ
➖Տարածաշրջան ` Ուրարտու
մ թ ա 9ից 6րդ դարեր
➖Լեզվաընտանիք ` Խուռիա-Ուրարտական