“Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up.” One of my favourite Edison quotes. Interesting side note - I gave my son middle name Edison •
On this day in 1879 – Thomas Edison applies for a patent for his design for an incandescent light bulb.
#qotd #thomasedison #inventor
in 1833 Swedish chemist and inventor Alfred Nobel was born. Nobel held over 300 different patents, the most famous of which is the explosive dynamite. Nobel is also famous for using his fortune to institute the #nobelprizes
, which are awarded each year.
On October 21, 1929, Henry Ford hosted an elaborate celebration in Dearborn, Michigan, in honor of his friend Thomas A. Edison. Known as Light's Golden Jubilee, the date marked the 50th anniversary of Edison's invention of the electric light. The day's festivities began with Edison's arrival -- escorted by Ford and President Hoover -- at Smiths Creek Station in Greenfield Village. Here, they're meeting with members of the press. #OnThisDay
Fleetwood Mac Live, Kean College, New Jersey - October 21st, 1975. 🌙
Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general use around the world as a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar, stucco, and non-specialty grout. It was developed from other types of hydraulic lime in England in the mid 19th century, and usually originates from limestone. It is a fine powder, produced by heating limestone and clay minerals in a kiln to form clinker, grinding the clinker, and adding 2 to 3 percent of gypsum. Several types of Portland cement are available. The most common, called ordinary Portland cement (OPC), is grey in colour, but white Portland cement is also available. Its name is derived from its similarity to Portland stone which was quarried on the Isle of Portland in Dorset, England. It was named by Joseph Aspdin who obtained a patent for it in 1824. However, his son William Aspdin is regarded as the inventor of "modern" Portland cement due to his developments in the 1840s.
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Happy birthday to Geoffrey Boycott!
. With 2 runs required for West Indies to win, Waqar Younis shattered Ian Bishop's stumps to seal an amazing 1-run win! Look at the Sharjah crowd! Amazing stuff. #DownTheGround #Trivia
Video credit: YouTube (link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OvG5h1B4-z8) youtube.com/watch?v=OvG5h1…
On Oct. 21, 1916, successful African American entrepreneur and community leader Anthony P. Crawford was murdered by a lynch mob in Abbeville, South Carolina.
report: “A century ago, a white mob beat, stabbed, shot, and hung Mr. Crawford, a 56-year-old black farmer, in the Abbeville town square, after he dared to argue with a white merchant over the price of cottonseed." Crawford's murder led to his family joining the Great Migration and the loss of their rightful family inheritance to land. #TeachOutsideTextbook #PeoplesHistory #OnThisDay #tdih
in 2008, Dimitar Berbatov and Wayne Rooney scored the goals that saw United see off Celtic 3-0 in the Champions League
After Edward IV went into exile, they put the ineffectual Lancastrian monarch Henry VI, deposed in 1461, back on the throne.
Henry VI rewarded Clarence by making him next in line to the throne after his own son, justifying the exclusion of Edward IV either by attainder for his treason against Henry VI or on the grounds of his alleged illegitimacy.
During this time however, Clarence had secretly reconciled with his brother, King Edward IV.
Warwick's efforts to keep Henry VI on the throne ultimately failed and Warwick was killed in battle of Barnet April 1471. The re-instated King Edward IV restored his brother Clarence to royal favour by making him Great Chamberlain of England. As his father-in-law had died, Clarence became jure uxoris Earl of Warwick, but did not inherit the entire Warwick estate as his younger brother, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, had married Anne Neville, who had been widowed in 1471. Edward intervened and eventually divided the estates between his brothers. Clarence was created first Earl of Warwick on March 25, 1472.
In 1475 Clarence's wife Isabel gave birth to a son, Edward, later Earl of Warwick. Isabel died on 22 December 1476, two months after giving birth to a short-lived son named Richard.
After her death, Clarence sought to wed Mary, duchess of Burgundy. But when Edward objected to that match also, the embittered Clarence left court and once more began scheming against his brother.
His wife, Isabel, probably died of either consumption or childbed fever. Clarence, however, was convinced she had been poisoned by one of her ladies in waiting, Ankarette Twynyho, whom, as a consequence, he had judicially murdered in April 1477, by summarily arresting her and bullying a jury at Warwick into convicting her of murder by poisoning. She was hanged immediately after trial with John Thursby, a fellow defendant. She was posthumously pardoned in 1478 by King Edward. Clarence's mental state after this, never stable, and deteriorated from that point. After some more plotting, Edward became convinced that Clarence was aiming at his throne.
Continued in comments⬇️
Otd, October 21, 1449, George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence, was born in Dublin.
He was the third of four surviving sons of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, and the brother of English Kings Edward IV and Richard III. He was born at a time when his father, the Duke of York, had begun to challenge Henry VI for the crown, and he himself would play an important role in the dynastic struggle between rival factions of the Plantagenets known as the Wars of the Roses.
After his father died in 1460, his elder brother, Edward, took the English throne and became King of England as Edward IV in 1461. In that year George was made Duke of Clarence and invested as a Knight of the Garter, and in 1462 Clarence received the Honour of Richmond, a lifetime grant, but without the peerage title of Earl of Richmond. Although still young, he was appointed as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in the same year.
Although he had actively supported his elder brother's claim to the throne, in around 1468 Clarence fell under the influence of Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, who was losing the control that he had formerly exercised over the King. In defiance of Edward, Clarence married the Earl’s daughter Isabel (July 1469). They deserted Edward IV to ally with Margaret of Anjou, consort of the deposed King Henry, Clarence supported him and was deprived of his office as Lord Lieutenant. Then, in March 1470, Clarence and Warwick secretly supported an armed uprising in northern England.
When Edward discovered their treachery, they fled to France but returned in September.
When Clarence joined Warwick in France, he took his pregnant wife with him. She gave birth to their first child, a girl, on April 16, 1470, in a ship off Calais. The child died shortly afterwards.
After a short time, Clarence realized that his loyalty to his father in law was misplaced: Warwick had his younger daughter, Anne Neville, Clarence's sister in law, marry Henry VI's son in December 1470. This demonstrated that his father in law was less interested in making him king than in serving his own interests and it now seemed unlikely that Warwick would replace Edward IV with Clarence.