are well known thanks to Napoleon's grave. Talking about military monuments and buildings of Paris, I prefere l'Ecole Militaire.
Located in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, a group of large-scale buildings closes the southeastern part of the Champ-de-Mars. It is here that are grouped the various educational structures that make up the Military School. The idea of creating this huge institution dates back to the middle of the 18th century, when King Louis XV made the decision, at the end of the Austrian War of Succession, to build a Royal school in which young army cadets would be trained. The truth is the King needed some convincing first. Marshal Saxe, with his experience in combat, encouraged King Louis XV to create a real military royal school to train 500 young boys both, poor and wealthy. Finally, to convince the king, the Marshal insists on the symbolic dimension that the institution could take: an imposing and richly decorated military school in which will be trained the best officers of the country ... In short, a formidable testimony of the superiority of the reign of Louis XV (oh those Kings seeking the glory).
The school will eventually host the country's greatest officers and men of war, including the famous Napoleon Bonaparte who, a few years later, will be among his students. Today, it is always in this well-decorated establishment that are trained the officers.
Besides, the extent of school recruitment should not be misunderstood: it concerned only a small category of the population. Only well-trained young people, aged between eight and eleven, who could read and write, and who had come from the nobility for at least four generations, and whose family had only a small income, were accepted. There was not a real selection either from the physical point of view or from the mental point of view, hardly from the social point of view. Moreover, some students were admitted although almost illiterate.
In the 18th century, the pupils were totally supported by the school during the four years of their schooling, the school even paying the postage of letters written under his control, and addressed regularly to the family.