✅Bicillin L- A (Penicillin G Benzathine)
📝Penicillins kill a wide variety of gram positive (staph, strep) and some gram negative bacteria. Bacterial death usually results from lysis of the bacterial cells due to drug induced disruption of the cell wall structure. It is therefore indicated for the prevention and treatment of infections cause by bacteria.
👨👩👦👦 Ideal for patients with suspected or bacterial infection. Common diseases include syphilis, mild to moderate of the upper respiratory tract such as pneumonia, rheumatic fever etc.
Dose: single injection 1,200,000 units for adults. Doses must be adjusted for patients with renal dysfunction.
‼️Drug allergy to trade name antibiotics ending “cillin”/ cephalosporins antibiotics 🔔side effects: GI distress, allergic reactions: urticaria pruritus, angioedema. Severe reactions are more common in injectable form. 📒Education: do not discharge patient to continually monitor for hypersensitivity reactions past initial assessment phase because reactions may not occur for up to 30 minutes( wheezing, shortness of breath, swelling of the face, tongue etc.
Teach pt to consume probiotics or cultured dairy products as the natural flora in the GI may be killed. Encourage pt to avoid intake of alcohol as it interacts negatively 🛑 This thick injectable solution MUST be given IM using at least a 21 gauge needle, into a large muscle mass such as the Gluteus Medius or vastos lateralis. Not to be mixed with any solution to reconstitute.
#pharmacology #nursingschool #nurpharmacology #antibiotics #RN #nursing
Ibuprofen is also more commonly known as Advil or Motrin. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) which is commonly used for pain, fever, and inflammation. It has an onset of 30 - 60 minutes with a duration of 6 - 8 hours.
Ibuprofen is a non-selective cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor that will result in less prostaglandins which are ultimately responsible for the pain and inflammation we experience. Due to its nonspecific COX inhibition, it also blocks gastric mucosa (protects lining of stomach) which is why it needs to be taken with food and can also lead to stomach ulcers.
Acetaminophen is also more commonly known as Tylenol. Its mechanism is not fully known or understood, but is used for pain and fever. It does have the drawback of not providing anti-inflammatory properties like ibuprofen. Acetaminophen has an onset of 30 - 60 minutes with a duration of 4 - 6 hours. Prolonged use of this medication can damage the liver. Acetaminophen is also commonly found in other medications such as Norco, Percocet, NyQuil, Mucinex, and many others. If unaware, patients can be putting themselves in severe danger. .
Just because these medications are available over the counter, does not necessarily mean they are safe.
Ibuprofen can increase blood pressure, cause fluid build up in heart failure, make kidney disease worse, etc. Ibuprofen should also be avoided in pregnancy due to positive evidence of risk to the fetus.
Talk to a healthcare professional before taking any medication. Problems tend to only emerge after long term or heavy use of medications.
Part 1 of my pharmacology review! I will be posting more of my cheat sheets with antihypertensives, antidotes, therapeutic levels etc
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ today’s med is Magnesium Sulfate. in labor and delivery, we administer mag for 3 main purposes: for seizure prophylaxis for women with preeclampsia, as a tocolytic to stop preterm labor, and as neuroprophylaxis for imminent delivery of preterm babies. it’s exact mechanism is unknown, but it is thought that magnesium lowers calcium levels in uterine muscle cells, causing it to relax.
⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ some common side effects of mag are: warm flushed feeling, dry mouth, sweating, diminished deep tendon reflexes, muscle weakness, and hypocalcemia. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀in pregnant patients, the therapeutic serum magnesium level is 4-8mg/dL. it is vital to watch out for signs+symptoms of magnesium toxicity, such as loss of DTRs, decreased LOC, respiratory depression, and cardiac arrest. ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ ⠀
do you know the antidote to magnesium sulfate? comment it below! 👇
Hydralazine (Apresoline): Antihypertensive, direct-acting peripheral vasodilator
This medication is one that we see quite often on the cardiac unit (and one that personally makes me nervous to give at times 🥴). The purpose of this medication is to vaso-dilate arterioles in smooth muscle by direct relaxation, and reduce blood pressure with reflex increases in heart rate, stroke volume, and cardiac output. In other words, the therapeutic outcome that we want to see in our patients is a decreased blood pressure in hypertension and decreased afterload in patients with CHF (Chronic Heart Failure) 💔
Hydralazine can be given PO (orally) with food, IM (in the muscle), or IV (during a hypertensive crisis).
What are some things we should be assessing in our patients when we administer this medication? 👇🏽
Ruby S. Hirose (1904–1960) was a biochemist and bacteriologist who studied blood clotting and thrombin, allergies, and cancer, greatly contributing to the development of vaccines against infantile paralysis and diphtheria. She earned both her bachelor’s degree (1926) and master’s degree (1928) from the University of Washington and obtained her PhD from the University of Cincinnati (1932). Hirose researched serums and antitoxins at the William S. Merrell Company and worked as a bacteriologist at several hospitals. She also taught microbiology and researched at the Indiana University using antimetabolites. In 1940, Hirose was recognized by the American Chemical Society for her scientific contributions.
Pictured above: (1) Hirose researched serums and antitoxins at the William S. Merrell Laboratories. (2) Hirose published a paper based on her PhD thesis titled “The Second Phase of Thrombin Action: Fibrin Resolution” in the American Journal of Physiology.
#women_scientists #womeninSTEM #WOCinSTEM #womeninscience
#RubyHirose #pharmacology #biochemistry #bacteriology #polio #infantileparalysis #diphtheria
I've never been that great at study. I've never been shown how to do it or told why, and it has been a big Achilles heel for me in my academic life. I always find it tedious and repetitive, but I'll still give it a go. Studying a course in a medical field means a whole new field of knowledge that I previously never blinked an eye at, and now I need to know it at a university level in order to build my decision-making process to hopefully save someones life 😓
Knowing that, I think it places more pressure on yourself to perform better than you think you can, and has made me more stressed this year than any other year studying.
But, last exam today. Pharmacology. Way too much new stuff to remember.
Fingers crossed hey?
#exams #pharmacology #uni #unistudent #feeloverwhelmed #fml #nearlythere #study #wishiwasbetter
“Ms. Tate, I cried so bad! I’m so proud of myself! I did exactly what you told me as well. I’m glad you let me know to reschedule my test, so I was totally prepared! God works in mysterious ways, this was definitely the reassurance I needed. I wanna encourage others to never give up, no matter what because your time will come! Yes, Ms. Tate I plan on supporting my mom for sure, giving her exactly what she deserves & more!” 😍 Friend please help me shout 🗣 it out, with so much gratitude & excitement, WELCOME TO NURSING DIAMOND! I’m happily sharing ❤️ Diamond has mastered her licensure 🖥 examination! I’m BEYOND proud of you sweetheart & just totally overjoyed that you 💪🏽 persevered to the end. I recall so clearly, you coming to my desk as a Term I (brand new nursing 💉 student) & you hand wrote this ‘sign’ on plain copy paper...”Nurse Brown will finish.” Then turned to me & said... “Ms. Tate hang this on your wall with tape.” 😳 I turned right around, got some tape & hung it up! SO PROUDLY HUNG IT UP! 💜 I knew Diamond, allllll along today would 🙌🏽 come. I told you there was something both ✨ unique & special about you when you 1st came to my desk. I witnessed your entire 😩 journey (up until I resigned). Literally, literally soooo happy for you & I Thank The LORD 💫 for this day, as He carried you babes! YOU ARE NOW 💊 LICENSED DIAMOND! And as we 📲 spoke about, take care of your 💕 mom, giving her the attention she deserves. I miss you so much sweets....and wholeheartedly can’t scream it loudly 📣 enough, CONGRATULATIONS Nurse Brown!
#BeInspired #InspiredByTheNurse #WePassNCLEX #YouCanToo #PearsonVueTrick #NCLEX #NCLEXRN #NCLEXPN #winning #MadeForSoMuchMore #Kaplan #Hurst #ReadySetNCLEX #worthy #OneAndDone #nurse #nurses #nursing #PassBoards #TimeWillNeverWait #NurseGang #NewbieNurse #study #Pharm #Pharmacology #MedSurg #NCLEXisREAL
شاید برایتان جالب باشد بدانید که ما تنها زندگی نمیکنیم . داخل بدن ما موجودات زنده ای هستند که با این که اسم باکتری را یدک میکشند اما به سود ما کار میکنند .
روده ما محل جذب موادی است که میخوریم . وقتی غذا به روده میرسد مواد مفید آن از طریق پرز های روده جذب رگ های خونی ما میشوند .
باکتری هایی به نام بیفیدوباکترها و لاکتوباسیلوسها، میتواند اثرات مثبتی بر سلامت انسان به همراه داشته باشد.
چه زمانی از پروبیوتیک ها استفاده کنیم ؟
اگر شیر میخورید اما توانایی هضم ندارید و دچار دل پیچه و نفخ میشوید پروبیوتیک ها برای شما مفید هستند.
اگر مدام دچار اسهال میشوید و آب بدن خود را از دست میدهید قطعا باکتری های مفید روده ای را هم از دست داده اید . برای جایگزین کردن آن به پروبیوتیک نیاز دارید
مصرف بی رویه آنتی بیوتیک ها تعادل باکتری های مفید روده را از بین میبرد . بنابراین بعد از مصرف آنتی بیوتیک ، پروبیوتیک میتواند مفید باشد .
همچنین در سندروم روده تحریک پذیر ، نفخ های طولانی ، بهبود جذب مواد معدنی و ویتامینها. -جلوگیری از رشد و تکثیر باکتریهای مضر.
-درمان و پیشگیری ازعفونتهای مخمری مهبل، آفت دهان، پوسیدگی دندانها، واژینیت، عفونتهای قارچی، برفک .
بهبود عمل گوارش و جذب مواد غذایی.
-کمک به ساخت ویتامینهای گروه B و K.
میتواند مفید باشد .
قرص لاکتول به عنوان یک پروبیوتیک خوب که
تحت لیسانس شرکت Natures onlyکشور آمریکا ساخته شده و یک داروی عالی برای جایگزین کردن باکتری های مفید از دست رفته است .
معمولا این دارو روزی یک الی دو عدد بعد از ناهار و شام مورد استفاده قرار میگیرد .
در دوران بارداری و شیردهی تقریبا بی ضرر است اما با احتیاط مصرف میشود . .
بیشتر بدانید 🔴
.#دارو #داروخانه #درمان #پزشکی #پزشک #دانستنیهای_عمومی #دانستنیهای_جالب #دانستنیها #دانستنیهای_عجیب #دانستنیهای_پزشکی #دانستنیهای_جهان #دانستنیهای_علمی #هضم #هضم_غذا #پروبیوتیک #آموزش #pharmacy #pharmacist #pharmacytechnician #pharmacology #pharmacyschool
🚺🚹 Um fármaco diferente em diferentes doses:
✅A quetiapina em dose de 800mg LP é antipsicótico; em dose de 300-600mg LP - antidepressivo e antipsicótico; em doses de 50mg LI - sedativo hipnótico. ⁉️Por que isso acontece?!
🎯 As doses mais baixas atuam nos receptores onde há maior afinidade pela quetiapina (muscarínico, histamínicos, e alguns 5-HT) - ideal como sedativo, na formulação LI, mas não como antipsicótico.
🎯A medida que a dose aumenta outros receptores ligados aos mecanismos antipsicóticos e antidepressivos na depressão bipolar vão aumentando a ocupação; ainda, a norquetiapina passa a participar desses efeitos com mais intensidade (inclusive inibição da recaptação de NA). O efeito hipnótico permanece, mas em intensidade muito menor. Estes efeitos são mais pronunciados na formulação LP (post anterior).
🎯Em dose de 800mg - dose máxima diária - é uma dose essencialmente antipsicótica, com aumento da ligação aos receptores D2 e serotoninérgicos, além do aumento de NA. Na formulação LP esses efeitos são mais sustentados. .
🎯O aumento de dose diminui a tolerância à medicação em muitos pacientes, além de aumentar os riscos dos efeitos adversos (próximos posts).
🌀🌀Atenção Farmacêutica: quando o paciente se queixa de sonolência excessiva com quetiapina, verifique a dose e formulação que está sendo usada. Na depressão bipolar e como antipsicótico a quetiapina deve ser usada em doses mínimas de 300mg, com titulação rápida, 1 semana no máximo, para que o paciente possa suportar a sonolência que será vencida quando atingir a dose ideal. Além disso, as formulações LP trazem mais benefícios nesses casos.
Bibl.: Stahl S.M. Psicofarmacologia, 4 ed.
When you check Blackboard and your grade is higher than you thought... Can’t relate 🤧😂 ATI and finals week are coming up, so that means we’re at the final push before the end of the semester 😄 As grateful as I am to have been able to take it easy this session, I’m eager to begin pediatrics, community, and OB this Spring. I have a soft spot for working with kids, so you can only imagine how excited I am for peds! We’re almost there ✊ #keeppushing