Warsaw-August or the beginning of September 1939. In the foreground a Polish soldier supervising work on the construction of anti-aircraft ditches for civilians. The civilian population in Warsaw was involved in defending the city. Residents commonly reported to build fortifications and barricades. Individual circles undertook initiatives supporting the appeal of the President of the Republic to defend the Homeland. Warsaw was preparing for war in the last days of August. Already on August 25, 1939, anti-chipping ditches began to be excavated on squares, squares and parks. Viewed from above, they resembled complex bastion systems. You could find them almost everywhere. In the Three Crosses, Malachowski, Narutowicza, and Starynkiewicza squares, in the Ujazdowski Park. The civilian population helped in the construction of anti-aircraft ditches, tanks, barricades, organized field kitchens for soldiers, hospitals, endured inconveniences, deaths of relatives, hunger and lack of drinking water, and even fought with the enemy. The desire to join the help was so great that many hours were waiting for several hours until there was a free shovel, spade or something to do. And in the later phase of Warsaw's defense many men volunteered to fight at the front. On September 12, Starzyński announced on the radio that the commander of the defense of Warsaw, General Walerian Czuma, authorized the creation of the first defense unit of Warsaw and, as a result, asked 600 capable, ready-to-fight people to appear in front of the Mostowski Palace in half an hour. Before he finished speaking, there were several thousand volunteers waiting for him. With difficulty, he managed to choose from this crowd only 600 people. Interestingly, when they were left to get uniforms and weapons, it turned out that there were 800 of them.
I also invite you to @_history_pl
No copyright infringement is intended.