St Kitts and Nevis is a nation consisting of two main islands in the Caribbean Sea. After a turbulent period of colonial rule, the islands became independent for Great Britain on September 19, 1983. The first settlers of the island arrived in the islands around 3000 B.C., but where they came from is unknown. Other groups followed, and the population grew, eventually expanding to other islands. The first European to encounter the islands was Christopher Columbus, who named the first island after Saint Christopher, which later became Kitts, and the other Nevis Saint Martin. Afterwards, I frequent visits were made by others, until English explorers began to settle the island, followed by the French. From the early 1600’s until 1713, the islands exchanged control between the French, Spanish, and English settlers, until Britain eventually gained control of the whole area, as well as Anguilla, which was part of the territory at the time. British control was retained relatively peacefully for 270 years, until the islands peacefully gained independence on September 19, 1983.
The nation’s flag was adopted the same day of its independence, and was mainly designed by one of the island’s inhabitants. The two white stars are symbolic of the two islands that make up the nation. The green triangle represents fertile land, while the red represents freedom. The gold and black stripes show sunshine and African origins respectively (around 75% of the nation’s population today is of African descent). Fun fact: St Kitts and Nevis islands were formed by volcanic activity, causing the presence of beaches with black sand on the islands.
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