that's for you my dear ❤
is the #activity
, and #presenting #news
. It is also the #product
of these #activities
Journalism can be #distinguished
from other activities and products by certain identifiable #characteristics
. These #elements
not only separate journalism from other forms of #communication
, they are what make it #indispensable
to #democratic #societies
reveals that the more democratic a society, the more news and information it tends to have.
The world, and especially the online world, is awash in #communication
The vast majority of this communication, however, is not news and especially not journalism. Almost 70 percent of email traffic is #spam
, according to web security company Symantec. In 2012, there were an average of 175 million tweets each day. But almost all – 99% — consisted of “pointless babble,” according to researchers at Carnegie Mellon University.
While journalism occupies a much smaller space than the talk, #entertainment
, opinion, assertion, advertising and propaganda that dominate the media universe, it is nevertheless perceived as being more valuable than most of the “stuff out there.” That value flows from its purpose, to provide people with verified information they can use to make better decisions, and its practices, the most important of which is a systematic process – a discipline of verification – that journalists use to find not just the facts, but also the “truth about the facts.” “The purpose of journalism,” write Bill Kovach and Tom Rosenstiel in The Elements of Journalism, “is not defined by #technology
, nor by journalists or the techniques they employ.” Rather, “the #principles
and purpose of journalism are defined by something more #basic
: the function news plays in the lives of people.” News is that part of communication that keeps us informed of the changing events, issues, and characters in the world outside. Though it may be interesting or even entertaining, the foremost value of news is as a utility to empower the informed.