The quadrangle now occupied by the garden called Hazuri Bagh with a marble Baradari (1818 AD) in its centre, was originally a serai built by Aurangzeb, where during the Mughal rule thronged the imperial cavalcades and armed retainers.
The two storeyed building adjoining the southern gateway (Hazuri Bagh gate) was also originall built in the time of Aurangzeb as a boarding house for scholars. Later on it was used as Abdar- khana or place for keeping refreshing drinks. During the reign of Ranjit Singh it came to be called as Gulabkhana or ‘’Rose-water House’’ , literally rose –house. During the British period it was again used as a boarding house for students.
The Hazuri Bagh garden was reconstructed in 1818 by Maharajah Ranjit Singh to commemorate the capture of the Koh-i-Noor diamond from Shah Shujah of Afghanistan. The major monument in the garden is the baradari at its center. It is primarily constructed of marble stripped from numerous Mughal monuments in Lahore, many of which remain standing despite the removal of their marble cladding. Ranjit Singh used the pavilion as a place to hold court, and the mirrored ceiling in the central chamber is a testament to this function.
This building, measuring 45 feet 6 inches square, was originally two-storeyed structure. Built entirely in white marble it also has underground chambers. Its upper story was struck by lightening in 1932 and collapsed leaving it with a look of a single story edifice. The original ceiling, with stucco tracery inlaid with convex mirrors is also a typical architectural decorative feature seen especially in sikh period buildings.
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