The determination of a man's character and frequently of his fate and future from lines and other marks on the palm and fingers was one of the mantic arts which developed in the Near East, apparently, during the Hellenistic period. No early chiromantic sources from this period have been preserved, either in Greek or Latin, although they did exist. Chiromancy spread, in a much fuller form, in medieval Arabic and Byzantine Greek literature, from which it found its way to Latin culture. It would seem that from the very beginning there were two traditions. The first linked chiromancy closely with astrology and so produced a quasi-systematic framework for its references and predictions. The second was not connected with astrology at all, but with intuition, whose methodological principles are not clear.
In the Middle Ages the Christian chiromantics found a scriptural basis for chiromancy in Job 37:7: "He sealeth up the hand of every man, that all men may know his work" which could be interpreted to mean that the hand imprints are made by God for the purpose of chiromancy. This verse is adduced in Jewish tradition only from the 16th century onward.
In Hebrew books on astrological chiromancy, the main lines of the hand are given the following names: (1) Kav ha-Ḥayyim ("the life-line"; Lat. Linea Saturnia); (2) Kav ha-Ḥokhmah ("the line of wisdom"; Linea Sapientiae); (3) Kav ha-Shulḥan ("the table line"; Linea Martialis); (4) Kav ha-Mazzal ("the line of fate") or Kav ha-Beri'ut ("the line of health"; Linea Mercurii).
Zodiac man - medieval astrological medicinal chart
The Sky Goddess Nut body representing the Milky Way arching across the night sky.
Regulus – Watcher of the North
Regulus is perhaps the best-known of the Watchers. He is of the nature of Mars and Jupiter and is Guardian of the North. Regulus provides success if revenge is avoided. The success must be pure. maintaining power without ever resorting to revenge is, of course, a great challenge. Still, there is a gentleness in this powerful lion and it comes as no surprise that the healing angel finds his place, here in the North. Jupiter and Mars can be read as Mercy and Severity, the essential symbols of the Pharaohs as rulers was the crook (heka) and the flail or flabellum (nekhakha). A good King needs to know when to use one or the other for the sake of the Kingdom. “Who can doubt the nature of the monstrous Lion, and the pursuits he prescribes for those born beneath his sign? The lion ever devises fresh fights and fresh warfare on animals and lives on spoil and pillaging of flocks. The sons of the Lion are filled with the urge to adorn their proud portals with pelts and to hang up on their walls the captured prey, to bring the peace of terror to the woods, and to live upon plunder. There are those whose like bent is not checked by the city-gates, but they swagger about in the heart of the capital with droves of beasts; they display mangled limbs at the shop-front, slaughter to meet the demands of luxury, and count it gain to kill. Their temper is equally prone to fitful wrath and ready withdrawal, and guileless are the sentiments of their honest hearts” [Astronomica, Manilius, 1st century AD, p.237.] The real and imagined qualities of lions led to associations with kingship, in concert with the Sun, from earliest times and this was the case in parts of the world that had no actual lions. The leonine reputation as the king of the jungle combined with a mane evocative of the Sun produced an archetypal image adopted by Kings and Emperors to adopt leonine titles and iconography.
Picture no. 1 - Ancient Persian Talisman – Lion and Sun
Picture no. 2 - The Sun (ruler), Leo and lunar mansions – Persia 17th c.
Picture no. 3 - Venant – Raphael The Healing Archangel (Regulus) Watcher of the North.
Picture no. 4 - Leo constellation and star regulus
John Dee (1527 – 1608) was a British alchemist, geographer, mathematician, navigator, astrologer and a double-agent for Queen Elizabeth I .
He was a precocious child, educated in mathematics, philosophy and the occult. He also enjoyed the patronage of Sir Philip Sydney and Lord Dudley.
He studied at Cambridge and on the European mainland, where he traveled widely. He brought back many astrological instruments and gained the reputation of a sorcerer. Dee studied astrology with the celebrated Jerome Cardan from 1552. His combined skills allowed him to give sound advice to those seeking routes to the New World and the Far East.
He helped write the first English edition of Euclid. He was student of the Neo Platonic philosophy of Marsilio Ficino and drew no distinction between mathematics, geometry and his investigations of the Hermetic Philosophy and Angel Magick.
He spent almost half his life attempting to commune with angels, to learn the universal language of creation, in the hope that he might bring about the pre-apocalyptic unity of humanity. He amassed one of the largest libraries in England. His occult work, mostly published, has had an enormous influence on the Western Magical Tradition.
Dee married three times and was the father of eight children. He is best know today as the astrologer and long-term advisor to Elizabeth I about almost anything to do with statecraft. Dee died in late 1608 or early 1609, Mortlake, England.
Leo is of hot and dry nature (igneous)
Its angel is generous (karim); he holds the keys of the creation of the future world.
Ibn Arabi - Mystical Astrology
The history of the star: Fomalhaut
Alpha (α) Piscis Austrinus, Fomalhaut, is a reddish star in the mouth of the Southern Fish, Piscis Austrinus (not to be confused with the constellation Pisces)
Fomalhaut, from the Arabic Fum al Hut, the Fish's Mouth, has long been the common name for this star, the English astronomer Smyth (1788-1865) saying that Fom Alhout Al-genubi appears, with its translation Os Piscis Meridiani, in a still existing manuscript almanac of 1340.
The astrological influences of the constellation Piscis Austrinus
Legend: This constellation is said to commemorate the transformation of Venus into the shape of a fish on one occasion when bathing.
The astrological influences of the star Fomalhaut
If rising or culminating: Great and lasting honors.
With Sun: Dissipated, easily influenced by low companions, gain through inheritance but unproductive of good, may suffer for some crime committed, danger of bites from venomous creatures.
With Moon: Secret business causing much trouble and enmity, but eventual gain after many difficulties. The separation is more benefic than the application.
With Mercury: Many losses and disappointments, unlucky in business, better servant than master, writes or receives secret letters, worry through slander, imprisonment or damaged reputation, domestic difficulties, sickness of a Saturnian nature.
With Venus: Secret and passionate love affairs, some restriction in the life, disappointments, easily led astray.
With Mars: Malevolent, passionate, revengeful, many secret enemies, liable to disgrace and ruin, danger of bites from venomous creatures.
With Jupiter: Sympathetic, charitable, honors in the Church, Freemasonry or secret societies, many voyages.
With Saturn: Accidents, ailments affecting the lungs, throat and feet, loss through enemies, friends, Mercurial affairs, bands and companies, wrongfully accused, affairs involved at end of life, sudden death and family cheated out of their rights.
The history of the star: Spica
Alpha (α) Virgo,Spica, is a binary, brilliant flushed white star marking the Ear of Wheat shown in the Virgin's left hand.
This star marked the 12th manzil (Arabic Moon Mansion), Al Simak, and in early astrology was, like all of Virgo, a sign of unfruitfulness and a portent of injustice to innocence; but later on, of eminence, renown, and riches.
Influences of the 12th Hindu Moon
Mansion Citra: Ruled by Mars. A soft asterism belonging to the serving caste and favorable for friendship, married love, purchase and making clothes and ornaments, music and auspicious deeds when containing the Moon. Those born on the lunar day will be mathematicians, surgeons, oculists, weavers, writers, singers, manufacturers of perfumes and dealers in jewels and cloth. With Moon here at birth native will be fond of clothes and flowers of many colors and will have beautiful eyes and limbs.
The astrological influences of the star Spica
If rising or culminating: Unbounded good fortune, happiness, ecclesiastical preferment, unexpected honor or advancement beyond native's hopes or capacity.
With Fortuna: Great wealth, voluptuous propensities.
With Sun: Great and lasting preferment, eminent dignity, immense wealth, great happiness to native's parents and children, help from friends among clergy, favorable for public and legal affairs.
With Moon: Gain through inventions, success, wealth and honor from Mercury, Venus or Jupiter people.
With Mercury: Neat, tidy, clever, ingenious, favor of clergy and people in authority, gain through investment, responsible position.
With Venus: Benefits from friends, social success, false friends of own sex.
With Mars: Popular social success, may have good judgment and quick decision or be violent in dispute, rigid, and nearly or quite a fool.
With Jupiter: Popular, social success, wealth, ecclesiastical honor and preferment.
With Saturn: Apt to be suspicious, sharp or rugged, but does much good, occult interests, good speaker, popular, many friends, gain through legacies but extravagant, good health, favorable for domestic matters.
The child of Sun and Moon
Figure 8, next in this mystical life cycle, contains a miniature copy of itself inside it.
There is a cross on top of an outer circle, containing an inner solar system.
The shaded area inside is the dead Winter Earth, the old-Adam, who experiences a force field emanating from the circle within. That force enlivens him, calcinates him, and transforms his hidden Salt into thickly flowing, solid white, Mercury, which is the new Spring Earth, where Hermes said to sow our Gold.
Sun and Moon hang in perfect balance with each other, witnessing this alkinization.
The placement of the 4 elements is significant. Fire is on top by the cross because the Fire for the process must be sought from Above.
Earth is directly under Fire, because the fire calcinates the Earth and makes is fire-proof. Fire, Air, and Water then transform similarly, and the Stone is produced.
The Sun, a golden pebble, floating between Fire and Air, represents solid Red Sulphur which consists of Fire and Air and which is the masculine aspect of the Moon.
The liquid Mercury, floating between Fire and Water, consists of Fire and Water and is the feminine aspect of the Moon.
The Mercurial Moon hanging from the underside of the transforming Earth repesents all this joining, circulating, and one-time concentrating into solid Earth.
When Sun and Moon with Mercury
Are Joined together,
Indivisible and fireproof,
An eternal splendor occurs.
But, you must know and understand
All work will be in vain
In this mysterious art,
If mundane Moon and Mercury
Entice you from the Path.
Mystical Moon and Mercury
Is another name for one's nature:
Mystical Fire is the Fiery Water,
In which the Mystical Moon and Sun are cremated.
The history of the star: Betelgeuze
Alpha (α) Orion,Betelgeuze, is an orange or "ruddy" star marking the right armpit or shoulder of the Hunter, or Giant, and the 9th brightest star in the sky.
Bullinger, a biblical writer, called it "The Coming of the Branch". Betelgeuze is from Ib ţ al Jauzah, the Armpit of the Central One; degenerated (from transcriptions of Arabic texts) into Bed Elgueze, Beit Algueze, Bet El-geuze,Beteigeuze, etc.
The Lunar Mansions
Alpha (α Betelgeuze) alone constituted the 4th nakshatra (Hindu Moon Mansion), Ardra, Moist, depicted as a Gem, with Rudra, the storm-god, for its presiding divinity, and so, perhaps, the origin of the long established stormy character of Orion.
Influences of the 4th Hindu Moon Mansion Ardra: Moist, so called because of its stormy influence. Symbol, a Gem. Regent, Rudra, the storm god. Ruled by the Dragon's Head.
The astrological influences of the star Betelgeuze
If culminating: Great military fortune, command, invention, ingenuity and helps in the perfection of arts and sciences. If at the same time with Sun, Moon or Jupiter, ample fortune and great honor.
With Sun: Interest in and ability for occult and mystical subjects, acute diseases, fevers, honor and preferment ending in final ruin.
With Moon: Active mind, strong will, turbulent, rebellious under restraint, military success but suffering through quarrels with superiors, likelihood of great power, honor and wealth.
With Mercury: Serious, studious, scientific and literary, fame through writings or engravings in metal, favorable for health but liable to accidents.
With Venus: Somewhat retiring and reserved, great ability as a maker of fine ornaments, favorable for gain, some sorrow connected with the family or marriage.
With Mars: Cautious, reserved, good leader and organizer, honor and preferment in martial matters.
With Jupiter: Serious and studious mind, shrewd and profitable business dealings, great honor in the Church or law.
With Saturn: Shrewd, cunning, craftily dishonest, treacherous to friends, eventful life with many ups and downs, eventual wealth but little comfort, unfavorable for domestic matters.
The history of the star: Bellatrix
Gamma (γ) Orion, Bellatrix, is a pale yellow star marking the left shoulder of the Hunter.
Bellatrix, the Female Warrior, the Amazon Star.
The astrological influences of the constellation Orion given by Manilius: "Near neighbor to the Twins (Gemini),Orion may be seen stretching his arms over a vast expanse of sky and rising to the stars with no less huge a stride. A single light marks each of his shining shoulders, and three aslant trace the downward line of his sword: but three mark Orion's head, which is imbedded in high heaven with his countenance remote. It is Orion who leads the constellations as they speed over the full circuit of heaven." The astrological influences of the star Bellatrix
If culminating: Quarrels, hatred, fraud committed or suffered, forgery, swindling, coining and perjury.
With Sun: Vacillating, changeable, indecisive in business, mechanical ability, riches and honor but final ruin, blindness by accident, disease, extreme sickness, fevers or violent death.
With Moon: Luxury, lust, vain ambition, waste, ruin, blindness by accidents, great power, honor and wealth, honor in martial matters, as soldier, surgeon, metal worker; may attain distinction through courage.
With Mercury: Honor and preferment in military matters, favorable for friendship and social affairs.
With Venus: Much suffering through love affairs owing to unrestrained feelings.
With Mars: Strength, energy, success as soldier, surgeon or metal worker, liable to accidents.
With Jupiter: Philosophical and religious mind, hypocrisy, may be fanatic, legal prominence, and great honor but danger of slander.
With Saturn: Secluded and studious life, reserved, thoughtful owing to lack of interest, poverty at end of life, often single but if married the partner may die young, no children.
According to Ptolemy Bellatrix is like Mars and Mercury; and, to Alvidas, Mercury and Mars in good aspect. It gives great civil or military honor but danger of sudden dishonor, renown, wealth, eminent friends and liability to accidents causing blindness and ruin.
Alpha (α) Scorpius,Antares, is a red binary star, fiery red and emerald green, near the center of the constellationScorpius and was sometimes called "the Heart of the Scorpion". In Egyptian astronomy it represented the goddess Selkit, Selk-t, or Serk-t, heralding the sunrise through her temples at the autumnal equinox about 3700-3500 B.C., and was the symbol of Isis in the pyramid ceremonials (Isis, perhaps the Moon, is identified with a number of stars). The Lunar Mansions
Antares (α Scorpius) alone constituted the 16th manzil, Arabic Moon Mansion, Al Kalb, the Heart, one of the fortunate stations.
Influences the 16th Arabic Moon Mansion Al Kalb: Causes discord, sedition, conspiracy against princes and rulers, and revenge from enemies, but frees captives and helps building.
The astrological influences of the star Antares
If Rising: Riches and honor, violence, sickness, benefits seldom last.
If culminating: Honor, preferment and good fortune.
With Fortuna or its dispositor, poverty.
With Sun: Pretended religion, insincere, honor and riches ending in disgrace and ruin, military preferment, danger of treachery, violence committed or suffered, fevers and sickness, injuries to the right eye.
With Moon: Popular, broad-minded, interested in philosophy, science and metaphysics, liable to change religious opinions, influential friends, favorable for business and domestic matters, active in local affairs, great power, honor and wealth but benefits may not prove lasting.
With Mercury: Suspicious, wrongfully accuses friends, unpopular, uses ecclesiastic influence in business, money obtained slowly and with much difficulty.
With Venus: Insincere, dishonest, energetic and able but selfish.
With Mars: Detrimental habits powerfully affecting the life, quarrels with friends and relatives, fairly favorable for gain.
With Saturn: Materialistic, dishonest through circumstances created by environment, religious hypocrisy, many disappointments, loss through quarrels and legal affairs, trouble through enemies, many failures.
is in the 7th sign of zodiac, #libra
As the sun enters the sign of Libra it returns to the equator, bringing equal day and night to all places on earth. This balancing of light and dark resonates to the symbolism of restoring equilibrium. In ancient times the period was set aside for evaluating the current status of events, estimating forthcoming needs, addressing outstanding problems and calculating a workable plan for the season of hardship that lay ahead.
Those born in this period ingrained with the qualities of analysis, judgement and balance are creatures of a celestial environment that shies away from extremes and excesses. Librans have acquired a fitting reputation for being the 'moderates' of the zodiac, with a natural talent for comparison, differentiation, and impartial philosophical reasoning. They are capable of displaying excellent intercommunication skills based upon a fine interplay between the left and right hemispheres of the brain. Generally, they can be counted upon to demonstrate a fair and unprejudiced judgement that attempts to temper personal bias through recognition of wider social implications.
As a humane sign, Libra is marked by civility, good manners, a flattering turn of phrase and an absence of coarseness. In professional fields Librans make the born diplomat, the perfect negotiator, the faultless 'meet and greet' face that works well in all areas of public relations. They may also find their niche in artistic fields, where their penchant for moulding light, colour, and shape into a balanced and symmetrical form that offers popular appeal works well for commercial image.
Planets Dignifed in Libra:
Venus: as sign ruler
Saturn: as exaltation and day-time triplicity ruler.
Mercury: as night-time triplicity ruler.
Planets Debilitated in Libra:
Mars, by detriment
Sun, by fall
The history of the star: Aldebaran
Aldebaran is from Al Dabaran, the Follower, i.e. of the Pleiades (a group of stars in Taurus of which Alcyone is the central one)
In all astrology it has been thought eminently fortunate, portending riches and honor; and was one of the four Royal Stars, or Guardians of the Sky, of Persia, 5000 years ago, when it marked the vernal equinox.
Aldebaran is the Greek Omma Boos, Latin Oculus Tauri, and the early English Bull's Eye. "Bull's-eye" is what we call "the centre of a target, which usually carries the highest score", and "a precise or highly effective achievement"
The great "red giant", war-like Aldebaran is one of the four "Guardians of Heaven" - sentinels watching over other stars. It formed one of the four royal stars of Persia as "Watcher of the East". These were also called archangel stars; this star Aldebaran was Michael - Military Commander of the Heavenly Host. The others were; Gabriel (Fomalhaut) Watcher of the South; Raphael (Regulus) Watcher of the North; Uriel (Antares) Watcher of the West.
With Sun or Moon, culminating or rising:Great honor through violence with difficultiesand casualties.
With Mercury: Affects the health and domestic affairs, prominence through mercurial matters, material gain, and many learned friends.
With Venus: Honor through literature, music or art, creative abilities, favorable for health and marriage.
With Mars: Great military preferment but attended by much danger; liable to accidents, fevers and a violent death. If at the same time the Moon is with Antares, especially in an angle, death will come through a stab, blow or fall.
With Jupiter: Great ecclesiastical honor and high military preferment.
With Saturn: Great afflictions, strange mind, great wickedness, sarcasm, eloquence, good memory, studious and retiring nature, legal abilities, domestic and material success, losses through mercurial friends.
Shani (Sanskrit: शनि, Śani) refers to the planet Saturn, and is one of the nine heavenly objects known as Navagraha in Hindu astrology.
Shani is a form of Lord Shiva. Shani is also a male deity in the Puranas, whose iconography consists of a handsome figure carrying a sword or other weapon, and sitting on a crow.
Shani is the basis for Shanivara – one of the seven days that make a week in the Hindu calendar.
This day corresponds to Saturday – after Saturn – in the Greco-Roman convention for naming the days of the week.
The zodiac and naming system of Hindu astrology, including those on Shani as Saturn, likely developed in the centuries after the arrival of Greek astrology with Alexander the Great, their zodiac signs being nearly identical.
Sanskrit texts: How many days for Shani (Saturn) to complete its orbit?
SourceEstimated time per sidereal revolution
Surya Siddhanta: 10,765 days, 18 hours, 33 minutes, 13.6 seconds
Siddhanta Shiromani: 10,765 days, 19 hours, 33 minutes, 56.5 seconds
Ptolemy: 10,758 days, 17 hours, 48 minutes, 14.9 seconds
20th century calculations: 10,759 days, 5 hours, 16 minutes, 32.2 seconds
Shukra or #venus
(Sanskrit: शुक्र, IAST: Śukra) is a Sanskrit word that means "lucid, clear, bright". It also has other meanings, such as the name of an ancient sage who counseled Asuras in Vedic mythology.
In medieval mythology and Hindu astrology, the term refers to the planet Venus, one of the Navagrahas.
Shukra is also the name of the seventh dhatu(tissue layer) in Ayurveda that corresponds to sexual energy.
Abode: Patal loka
Planet : Venus
Mantra:Oṃ Śukrāya Namaḥ
Sanskrit texts: How many days for Shukra (Venus) to complete its orbit?
Source - Estimated time per sidereal revolution
Surya Siddhanta: 224 days, 16 hours, 45 minutes, 56.2 seconds
Siddhanta Shiromani: 224 days, 16 hours, 45 minutes, 1.9 seconds
Ptolemy: 224 days, 16 hours, 51 minutes, 56.8 seconds
20th century calculations: 224 days, 16 hours, 49 minutes, 8.0 seconds
Calendar and zodiac
The weekday Shukravara in Hindu calendar, or Friday, has roots in Shukra (Venus). Shukravara is found in most Indian languages, and Shukra Graha is driven by the planet Venus in Hindu astrology. The word "Friday" in the Greco-Roman and other Indo-European calendars is also based on the planet Venus.
In Buddhist and Hindu astrology, Shukra (Venus) is a part of the medieval astrological explanations offered for various ailments.
Sun is in constellation of Virgo (The Maiden)
Virgo is a sign of average height, but being ruled by Mercury the build is slender with straight, angular features. The lips are thin and the forehead may be high, with the eyes small and piercing. The hair is typically dark. Movement is light and quick, the voice is small becoming high pitched (or shrill) when raised. The Virgo style is neat, discreet, simple, conservative and under-stated.
Direction: All earth signs relate to the south. Virgo describes south by west.
Anatomy: Virgo principally governs the abdomen area including the diagphragm and the soft tissue that lies beneath it, and the spleen. Cancer takes rulership of the stomach, although Virgo has some significance here, and resumes the major rulership over the organs that lie below the stomach, including the belly, bowels, and small intestines.
Places: Inside the house it signifies areas and objects used for study, accountancy, or storage; the former includes libraries, book cases, or places where books, pens and reading/writing instruments are kept, (typewriters, word processors and computers), study halls, office areas and items used for book-keeping.
Countries & cities: Include Turkey, Southern Greece, Athens, Iraq, Baghdad, Croatia, Africa, Jerusalem, South-west France, Toulouse, Paris, Lyons, Rhodes, Heidelburg in Germany, Basle in Switzerland, and Brindisi in Italy.
Colours: Lilly associates Virgo with the colour black speckled with blue. Other authors have associated it with white. In general Virgos avoid strong dynamic colours in decor and personal attire, preferring subtle hues and muted greys and earthy tones.
Double-bodied: Double-bodied, or bi-corporeal signs are those represented by two figures. All the mutable signs are double-bodied - Gemini: two twins; Virgo: maiden and bird; Sagittarius: man and horse; Pisces: two fishes. They represent the months that join the seasons.